The garden salads that are common for us belong to the daisy family (Asteraceae) and are mainly belonging to the genera Lactuca and Cichorium . The herbaceous edible plant comes from southern Europe and the Near East and is suitable for garden beginners. The most popular are lettuce and iceberg lettuce ( Lactuca sativa var . capitata ) , romaine lettuce ( Lactuca sativa var . longifolia ) , lamb's lettuce ( Valerianella locusta ) and lettuce such as Lollo Rosso ( Lactuca sativa var . crispa ) . Chicory ( Cichorium intybus var . foliosum ) , frisée ( Cichorium endivia var . crispum ) , radicchio ( Cichorium intybus var . foliosum ) , rocket ( Eruca vesicaria ssp . sativa ) and endive ( Cichorium endivia ) are characterized by a more intense taste . Lettuce can thrive in beds , greenhouses and pots outdoors and even indoors . A sunny to partially shaded location and commercially available fertilized soil are required for this. The soil should be kept moist but not too wet. Depending on the variety, it can be cultivated outdoors from March to October . It is not necessary to bring it forward , but it is possible . It is not important to harvest the whole plant , because if you cut or pluck it, it will grow back . If the lettuce shoots up, however, it is no longer edible.
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