Is growing cannabis legal? What you should know about private cultivation

Ist der Anbau von Cannabis legal? Was Du übers private Anbauen wissen solltest - FARBIO® - Nachhaltige Bio-Flüssigdünger aus Hamburg

The legalization of cannabis in Germany has raised many questions, particularly with regard to private cultivation of cannabis. In this article we will take a closer look at what cannabis cultivation rules cannabis legalization entails.

What does the new law say about home cultivation of cannabis?

From April 1, 2024, it will be permitted to grow cannabis for personal consumption under certain conditions. This regulation is intended to facilitate access to cannabis and curb the black market. Click here to go to the official website of the Federal Ministry of Health for further information.

How many cannabis plants are legal?

Under the new cannabis law, adults are allowed to grow up to three plants per person. This refers to the female, flowering plants. This regulation allows the cultivation of hemp plants for personal use without the threat of criminal prosecution. You may only harvest for your own consumption and not to pass on to others.

Cannabis cultivation

Growing cannabis indoors

One way to grow cannabis is indoor cultivation. Cannabis plants are cultivated in closed rooms such as a grow tent or a grow cabinet. The advantage of growing indoors is that you have control over conditions such as light, temperature and humidity, which can result in a better quality crop.

Growing cannabis plants takes between 3 and 8 months. So up to 4 harvests per year are possible.

Is outdoor cultivation allowed? In your own garden or on the balcony

One of the most important questions that needs to be addressed is whether outdoor cannabis cultivation is allowed. According to the new law, outdoor cultivation is generally permitted as long as it takes place on your own property. This means that cannabis can be grown both in your own garden and on your balcony. However, care must be taken to ensure that the plants are protected from theft and access by children and young people.

Growing cannabis: Where can you get seeds and cuttings?

Seeds or cuttings for home cultivation can be legally imported from EU member states or ordered online. Alternatively, you can obtain these from cannabis social clubs or cultivation associations, even if you are not a member.

Everything you need to know about the harvest

It is important to harvest plants at the right time to ensure optimal quality cannabis. After harvesting, the plants need to be dried and stored to prepare them for later use.

The law also makes it clear that the legal amount of possession refers to 50 grams of dried cannabis. So how much cannabis is allowed to grow or harvest? Assuming that cannabis loses 80% of its weight during drying, a harvest of just under 300 grams from a total of three plants is possible.

Cannabis harvest

How do you grow cannabis at home?

Growing cannabis at home requires care, patience and the right knowledge. Here are some steps you should consider when growing cannabis:

Preparing to grow it at home

The right growing location: Choose a suitable location for growing cannabis. If you're growing indoors, you may need a special grow tent with grow lights . When outdoors, you should ensure that your growing location receives enough sunlight and is protected from access by others.

Obtaining high-quality seeds or cuttings: Make sure to get high-quality seeds or cuttings from a trustworthy source. Choosing the right strain is also important and depends on your preferences and growing conditions.

Seed Germination: When using seeds, cultivation begins with germination. This can be done through various methods such as soaking the seeds in water or germinating them between damp paper towels. Make sure the seeds are kept warm and moist to ensure successful germination.

This is how your cannabis plant grows

Raising the young plants: As soon as the seeds have germinated, they are planted in pots with light soil or potting soil. Make sure the seedlings receive adequate light and water, but avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot. If the plants are too dark, horny growth occurs - this makes your plant weak. You can find out more here in this article.

Time for the plants to grow: During the growth phase, the strong cannabis plants develop. Make sure they get enough lighting and nutrients through fertilizer . Keep the temperature and humidity within an optimal range to promote healthy growth.

Grow cannabis with accessories

Shortly before harvest: After some time, the plants will grow a few meters tall and enter the flowering phase. During this time they require a 12 hour light and 12 hour dark period to produce flowers. Make sure there are no signs of male plants. Pollination of female plants must be prevented for successful harvesting.

Harvesting and drying: Once the flowers are ripe, it's time to harvest. Cut off the flowers and dry them slowly in a cool, dark place. Make sure there is air circulation to prevent mold growth. After the flowers have dried, they can be stored and enjoyed.